It is battle between land power and sea power which is going to lead the world continents by one. What is Heartland theory? This theory explains,greatest wealth. Mackinder’s Heartland Theory: Mackinder gave this theory in This theory regards political history as a continuous struggle between land and sea powers. The final tradition informing geopolitical thought in Russia today is the celebrated “Heartland” theory of the British geographer and statesman. Halford Mackinder.

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One major drawback of this theory is its inability to make allowances for the technological advances.

He divided Europe into east and west by a line joining the Adriatic to the Baltic. Countries of Eastern Europe enjoy proximity to the Heartland and therefore are in literally the best position to take advantage of its resources. Mackinder had a liking for Geography and was a proponent of having physical geography and human geography taught as one subject.

January Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article has multiple issues. According to the theory, the core of global influence lies in what is known as the Heartland, a region of the world situated in Eurasia due to its sheer size, a wealth of resources, and a high population.

Halford Mackinder was a 20th-century geopolitical scholar who is attributed for writing the Heartland Theory.

This dividing line was also a zone of struggle between the Teutonic Germany and the Slavs Russia with no established balance of power.

What is the Heartland Theory? –

Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. According to this theory, the continental power was represented by the world island which consisted of Eurasia and Africa comprising seven- eighth of total world population and two-third of the total land area of the world.


This page was last updated on September 26, His map Mercator projection of the world enclosed within an ellipse exaggerated the extent of the Arctic Ocean. The theory was formulated tyeory the end of the railway age. Signs of Mackinder’s Haertland Theory can be found in the works heartlznd geopolitician Dimitri Kitsikisparticularly in his ” Intermediate Region ” model. Halford stated that the Heartland was made up of the territory originally occupied by the Russian Empire and by the Soviet Union soon after that except for the Kamchatka Peninsula.

This theory regards political history as a continuous struggle between land and sea powers with the ultimate victory going to the continental power. The other landmasses would follow later.

What is the Heartland Theory? Gadzhev, in his book Vvedenie v geopolitiku Introduction to Geopolitics raises a series of objections to Mackinder’s Heartland to start with that the significance physiography is given there for political strategy is a form of geographical determinism.

The Geographical Pivot of History – Wikipedia

Views Read Edit View history. Eastern Europe is of critical importance in the Heartland Theory. Mackinder gave this theory in Halford relied on the interlinking of continents to come up with the dichotomy whereby interlinked continents were classified in a common region. This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.

Meaning and Its Structure. But throughout the nineteenth century:. He outlined the following ways in which the Heartland might become a springboard for global domination in the twentieth century Sempa, Mackinder saw it as a high point of communication system capable of uniting the whole Heartland into a cohesive unit.


Only countries in Eastern Europe were seen as potential candidates of launching a successful invasion in the Heartland. Some see China’s prominence in international affairs as culminating with the country being the global power.

What is the Heartland Theory?

Theoey assertion was also supported by Kjellen. It had rugged mountains of Lena Land in the north-east; in the east it had the Altai, Tienshan mountains across which lie the wastelands of Mongolia and Sinkiang; heaartland the south it had Hindukush ranges and the plateau of Afghanistan and Iran; in the south-west, between the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea lie the Caucasus and the plateau of Armenia; in the west, the Heartland was surrounded by the Carpathian mountains; in the north-west were the Baltic Sea and the wastes of Lappland; in the north lies the Arctic Ocean.

This question may seem pointless, since in the Russian Empire had ruled most of the area from the Volga to Eastern Siberia for centuries. This Heartland was perceived as the greatest natural fortress on earth surrounded heartlnad all sides by geographical barriers.