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For this reason, even up to the contemporary period, in most Oriental countries for any youth or lover who has experienced passionate love the identification or association to Majnun or Leyli is immediate. Oriental Translation fund, ; second editionIndian reprint The beloved will never return, and the lover so carefully portrayed in the poem remains prisoner of his own endless wounded majnion, fueled by the evidence of the missing beauty and memories of happier days gone by.

It was his son who persuaded him to undertake the project, saying: Keep in mind that the essence of this poetry is still alive enough to communicate to any gathering of young people a sort of collective ecstasy, just by listening to this traditional love and court poetry.

He wrote in Persian as was the literary custom of the day though few Persians today grant that Nizami was of Azeri ethnicity. Enjoy this story in: The Virgin and Her Lover: The flowers had cast off their leli summer gowns and donned the somber robes of autumn.

They meet again later in their youth and Majnun wishes to marry Layla.

Sir William Jones published Hatefi’s romance in Calcutta in This was a sort of cultural necessity. The first translation of the romance was an abridged verse rendition by James Atkinson published in ; this has been reprinted several times Leyli and Majnun was not the first Arabic romance to be versified in Persian. There he communes with the animals and recites his poetry. Likewise, when Leyli desires to see Majnun, she is placed in an exquisitely designed palm grove in spring.


Even the Koran itself is a monument of poetic and epic language, even if it warned of the duplicity of poets and the dangerous fascination of musicians.

The Legend of Leyli and Majnun

Despite the large number of anecdotes, the story did not develop as a unified whole in Arabic in medieval times. Despite the age of the story, it still has a profound effect on modern audiences, especially youth.

Layla and Majnun were buried next to each other as her husband and their fathers prayed to their afterlife. This article needs additional citations for verification. The conclusion clearly elaborates the death of the lovers, majnoo not the death of love. He removes himself from the social order, despite the fact that he was born into royalty and privilege, and could have profited from his family’s wealth.

Fuzuli, Leyli and Majnun by Fuzuli, trans. He soon began to write beautiful love poems about Layla and he would read them out loud on street corners to anybody who would care to listen. Hellmut Ritter, Oriens 8,pp. Majnun’s sin is worse than sexual license because it violates the secret of love urbiet orbi. Nizami Ganjavi ‘s Layla and Majnun. This experience has been described in majnooon most rational terms, first by Plato The Banquet, The Republicthen by Descartes, himself, who states in his Discours de la Methode, that having reached the limits of reason by practicing systematic doubt, he found himself suddenly close to mental alienation.

Eventually, Majnun retreats to the wilderness, preferring the company of wild beasts to that lejli men. Who won in the end? His “Khamsa” five poems includes the love story of “Leyli and Majnun. The anecdotes are mostly very short, only loosely connected, and show little or no plot development. His capital was first Shemakhi but was moved to Baku from onwards. His unselfconscious efforts to woo the girl caused some locals to call him “Majnun.

From the 5th century B.


Layla and Majnun

At one time, Persian was a common cultural language of much of the non-Arabic Islamic world. For the last 30 years, he has both studied as well as worked in diplomacy in Egypt, Qatar, Iran, Libya and now Azerbaijan. Women are, like gardens, inseparable from the vision of Paradise.

The young woman hoped that finally she would be with her one true love; that finally she and Majnun would be together forever. Huri, introduction by Alessio Bombaci, London, Never-theless, Majnun still expects his friends to stay with him and deliver his messages and poems to his beloved, but only under the condition that they will not harm her and her clan. Rudolf Gelpke, “Many later poets have imitated Nizami’s work, even if they could not equal and certainly not surpass it; Persians, Turks, Indians, to name only the most important ones.

Khairallah, Love, Madness and Poetry: The dilemma still causes trauma today, especially for Eastern families who have settled in the United States. For other uses, see Layla and Majnun disambiguation. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

All these themes are then elaborated in the narrative. In another episode, in order to see Leyli, Majnun pretends to be a poor, blind man who accidentally trips and falls into her tent.

But when Majnun comes near her, she reminds him that she is married and any physical contact is against the religious code. This brings us to consider the very nature of Majnun as understood through the ages.

The travellers said that Majnun spent his days reciting poetry to himself and writing in the sand with a long stick; they said that he truly was driven to madness by a broken heart. Consider Southern California, for example, where 1 million Iranians reside.