Description. Flavius Vegetius Renatus, the 4th century AD writer on military matters, was more well known during the Middle Ages than today. His “Epitoma Rei. Epitoma rei militaris. by Vegetius Renatus, Flavius; Reeve, Michael D. Publication date Language Latin; English. Book digitized by. De re militari (Latin “Concerning Military Matters”), also Epitoma rei militaris, is a treatise by the . Xii in the Royal Library, written and ornamented for Richard III of England, is a translation of Vegetius. It ends with a paragraph starting: “Here.
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Besides these are ten onagri, one for mi,itaris cohort; they are drawn ready armed on carriages by oxen; in case of an attack, they defend the works of the camp by throwing stones as the balistae do darts.
De re militari – Wikipedia
The trumpet sounds the charge and the retreat. The necessity, therefore, of discipline cannot be too often inculcated, as well as the strict attention requisite in the choice and training of new levies. The eighth is composed of five hundred and fifty-five foot and sixty-six horse, all selected troops, as it occupies the center epifoma the second line.
Flavius Vegetius Renatus was a Roman of high rank. Vegetius emphasized things such as training of soldiers as a disciplined force, orderly strategymaintenance of supply lines and logisticsquality leadership and use of tactics and even deceit to ensure advantage fnglish the opposition.
This is a very important point in the discipline of young soldiers, who when properly trained to it will be able in an emergency to fortify their camp with skill and expedition. But the young recruits in particular must be exercised in running, in order to charge the enemy with great vigor; occupy, on occasion, an advantageous post with greater expedition, and prevent the enemy in their designs upon the same; that they may, when sent to reconnoiter, advance with speed, return with greater celerity and more easily come up with the enemy in a pursuit.
The third book deals with tactics and strategy and it was this portion of Vegetius that influenced war in the Middle Ages so greatly. If the army is to continue in it any considerable time, attention must be had to the salubrity of the place.
The Lacedaemonians made war their chief study. The fifth has likewise five hundred and fifty-five foot and sixty-six horse, which should be some of the best men, being posted on the left flank as the first cohort is on the right. My treatise on the choice and discipline of new levies met with a favorable reception from Your Majesty, and since a work succeeded so militsris, composed of my own accord, I can have no fears for one undertaken by your own express commands.
It covered not only eppitoma such as troup placement and tactics, but also much baser aspects of military life, such as the logistics of training, what or how to feed large numbers of troops, and how to deal with troop morale.
Snglish little can be expected from men who have both the enemy and diseases to struggle with. Thus with the help of cables to lash the boats together, a bridge is instantly constructed, which for the time has the solidity of a bridge of stone. The soldiers were particularly exercised in the use of this weapon, because when thrown with force and skill it epjtoma penetrated the shields of the foot and the cuirasses of the horse.
The soldiers, therefore, millitaris they will obey the Emperor willingly and implicitly in all his commands, that they will never desert and will always be ready to sacrifice their lives for the Roman Empire.
As the enumeration of all the particulars of this sort would be too tedious, I shall only observe that the legion should carry with it wherever it moves, whatever is necessary for every kind of service so that the encampments may have all the strength and conveniences of a fortified city.
He had charge of the arms, horses, clothing and provisions. The Beneficiarii are so named from their owing their promotion to the benefit or interest of the Tribunes.
It is the head of the legion and is always first formed on the right of the first line when the legion draws up in order of battle. Teuffel, Wilhelm Sigismund Each nation has its own peculiar discipline, customs and manner of fighting. They should have corn, wine, vinegar, and even salt, in plenty at all times. Rie the legionary horse contract an affection for the foot of their own cohorts, notwithstanding the natural antipathy existing between the two corps.
In order to do this he eulogises the army of the early Roman Empire. And we should constantly keep in readiness some detachments of cavalry and light infantry, to fall upon them when epiitoma least expect it, either on the march, or when foraging or marauding. The most reliable modern edition is that of Michael D. A multitude never broke out into open sedition at once and with unanimous consent.
This is because he is so seldom exercised and rarely puts them on. All our writers agree that never militsris than two legions, besides auxiliaries, were sent under the command of each consul against the most numerous armies of the enemies. Thus the ten centuries of the first http: Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus.
De re militari | Open Library
In short, by this management, the Romans, almost continually engaged in war with different nations in different parts of the world, found themselves able to oppose them in every quarter. He states quite frankly that his purpose was to collect and synthesize from ancient manuscripts and regulations the military customs and wisdom that made ancient Rome great.
But it was an invariable rule in their armies that the number of allies or auxiliaries should never exceed that of the Roman citizens. The ancients considered Sertorius’ care in this point as one of the most eminent of his military qualifications.
As a consequence they established schools of tactics for the instruction of youth in all the maneuvers of war. Great caution is requisite that the unsuspecting simplicity of the inhabitants be not imposed on by the treachery or perjury of the enemy, for pretended conferences and deceitful appearance of truces have often been more fatal than force.
Such was the dependence on their discipline and resolution that this number was thought sufficient for any war they were engaged in.
War, Peace and Conquest in the Roman World. Men thus trained are never at a loss amidst the greatest confusion of numbers.
If a numerous army continues long in one place in the summer or in the autumn, the waters become corrupt and the air infected.
Epitoma rei militaris
The Athenians excelled not only in war but in other arts and sciences. All of this will enable us to take the most proper measures to distress them and for our advantage. The manner and disposition of defense must be varied according to the difference of ground. The consideration of Your Majesty’s superior indulgence for attempts of this sort, induced me to follow this example, and makes me at the same time almost forget my jilitaris inability when compared with the ancient writers.
Let them be constantly employed either in field days or in the inspection of their arms. It is a wonder to me that more people have not discovered translations such as this one, Vegetius’s seminal work “Epitome of Military Science”. Vegetius also describes in detail the organisation, training and equipment of the army of the early Empire.