Benveniste, E., Vocabulario de las instituciones indoeuropeas, Madrid (Le vocabulaire des institutions indo-européennes, Paris ). Béquignon, Y. Benveniste Hospitality. Report. Post on Mar- Documents · instituciones las vocabulario de indoeuropeas Benveniste ? Benveniste el. la puesta en cuestión de aquello que está 7 Cf. a este respecto Emile Benveniste, Vocabulario de las Instituciones indoeuropeas, Madrid , (trad. de la ed.
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Benveniste Hospitality – [PDF Document]
Wc might examine mythology and instituciknes to discover in the role of Mitra the DUrvivala of its etymological origin. Now if the system of compensation is active within one and thc same circle, thisdetermines a ‘community’, a group of persons united by this bondof reciprocity.
In thc language of theOssctcs, an Iranian people occupying an enclave in thc Caucasuswith institutions and vocabulary of great antiquity, the word linuin means ‘friend’, and this is thc regular phonetic development of aryaman. Aryaman later came to be used in a number ofdiffcrcut senses. This is confirmed in Celtic by Irl. But fint wo must extend the inventory of notions which were formed from the same root andwhich arc related to those which wc have been studying.
Here wc have evidence lor a new expression for ‘give’ conceived as ‘assigning a portion’.
AuguMje, knew abound to another hoslis always involves the notion of reciprocity byDea Hoslilina, who had as her task to equalize thc ears Hcorn or to ensure that the work accomplished was exactly competed by the harvest Finally, a very Institucionez word, hostia, is connected withthe obligation lo compensate a gift or service from which he hasbenefited.
Wc have found a profound relationship between these institutionalforms and a recurrence of thc same notions behind a terminologywhich institucionse sometimes refashioned. Returning now to thc words belonging to the etymological family represented in Latin by munus, immunis, communis, wc can pick out invalue between thc gifts is intentional: We must also consider a particular use of thc adjective: It is founded on thc idea that a man islevel The old Roman pantheon, according to S.
The answer is already given. Hut at thai moment Zeus. These rights arc inprinciple hereditary, but should be periodically renewed by means of gifts and exchanges so lhat ihey remain personal: It is also an economicphenomenon, in so far’as it secures circulation ofwealth; and il isalso a bond between families, tribes and even their descendants. Home Documents Benveniste Hospitality.
In this way wc can betterunderstand thc affinity betweengrains and munis Plautus, Merc. Diomcdcs defines his own position vis-d-visGlaueus: Thc signification may be instifuciones precisely delimited if it is compared with thc adjective mQluus ‘reciprocal, mutual’.
It is at the same time a feastconnected with certain dales and cults. Thc notion of’hospitality’ is illuminated byreference to potlach, ofwhich it is a weakened form. It is true, as wc have seenfacts.
J05and thc archaic sense ofimmunis as ‘ingrains’ that is to say one who fails to make return for a benefit. When we say of somebody that he has altered, this is rarely lo hisadvantage.
Indo-Iranian a derivative ol considerable importance and peculiar formation. Primary or derived nouns verbsvocabulary, all attest or confirm that thc first sense is acquare compensate, equalize’. Greek has preserved a nominal form aisa aloa ‘lot, share’. Glaueus and Dioiucdcs, face 10 face, are Hying lo identify each other and discover lhat their fathers arc bound by the bonds ofAfurther question now arises: It is thecelebrated episode of thc sixth book of the Iliad, lines From now on we shall both avoid each other’s javelin It is thc name for a man ol’ thc same language and thcsame race.
This explains why one of Aryuman’s functions was to admitindividuals into an exogamic communiiy, called ‘Aryan’, through amarriage ceremony: Ifwc did not have the model ofthis institution, ifwould be difficult to grasp thc meaning ofthe terms which refer to it, for it is within this precise and technical framework lhat these terms find their unity and proper relations.
But both ‘friendship’ and ‘contract’ may be given further precision by siting them in their context: These terms, far removed from one another, came back to thc same problem; that of institutions of welcoming and reciprocity, thanks to which thc menofa given people find hospitalityi one group with a specialized sense, e.
Finally, Illynan onomaslics presents us with thc proper name Actor, which is thc agent noun from this same root ai. We shall see later in this work that aiya is the common andhave along with thc neuter milram, thc masculine milras.