ASTM D937 PDF

ASTM D Standard Test Method for Cone Penetration of Petrolatum. Qty. Model, Description. 1, Choose One: H, Universal penetrometer ( includes standard needle). H, Penetrometer with digital timer*, V, 60Hz. Buy ASTM D R TEST METHOD FOR CONE PENETRATION OF PETROLATUM from SAI Global.

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The penetration test is used for adjusting the right consistency:. Compact design facilitates transport for field use. Typical applications for penetration testing Bitumen The consistency aatm semi-solid and solid bituminous materials is tested up to Penetration Units PU.

A penetration of would represent d973 grease, while a penetration of would mean that the sample is fluid. Anything that is dissolved or dispersed in a material contributes to its inner structure. Hard grease will not work properly for a bearing that needs to be lubricated as it will not adequately grease the whole contact area.

Typical negative consequences of neglecting the consistency are:. If the consistency of ketchup is not optimal, it will not flow out of the bottle easily. This instrument features a full penetration range of Type text as it appears:: Petroleum Products and Biofuel lab apparatus baths, calorimeters, color measurement, density meters, flash point, hydrogenators, oil testing, penetrometers, surface tension, vapor pressure, viscometers and rheometers, Head assembly adjusts for accurate placement of the tip of the needle or cone on the surface of the sample.

Typical negative consequences of neglecting the consistency are: ASTM Method being used? Additionally, a grease worker is necessary for the grease sample preparation. Prior to the yield point the material will deform elastically and will return to its original shape when the applied mechanical stress is removed. Place the water-covered container water level at least 25 mm above the sample container surface on the penetrometer table.

Cover four procedures for measuring the consistency of lubricating greases by the penetration of a cone of specified dimensions, mass and finish. The penetration test is used for adjusting the right consistency: The penetration is measured before and after applying many double strokes up to 1, of a perforated plate in the greased-filled cup placed in the working machine. Bitumen testing in a water bath.

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Pharmacy and cosmetics Fig. A brief presentation of the d9377 used ASTM test is given below: Grease penetration measurement [1]. Samples in a row from fluid left to solid right. Right-click to open the PDF in a new window or download it: Release the load for five seconds and read the penetration distance.

Penetrometer with hollow cone. Precision machined and assembled to exacting specifications, and ruggedly constructed to insure long service life in both laboratory and field applications.

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Seta Half-Scale Penetrometer Cone

Consistency measurement with a penetrometer provides information about the texture of semi-solid materials with little effort. Consistency determination of pharmaceutical products and cosmeticssuch as ointment and creams, but also semi-liquid and semi-solid materials, is performed using methods of to the European Pharmacopoeia 2.

Density Redefined Anton Paar has once again redefined digital density measurement with the groundbreaking invention of a new measuring principle: Conclusion Consistency measurement with a penetrometer provides information about the texture of semi-solid materials with little effort.

Grease and petrolatum The consistency of grease from almost fluid to semi-fluid to hard can be measured in a range up to Penetration Units. Hard bitumen consistency under cold climatic conditions generates fatigue cracks on the road surface and in cold coatings; the material becomes more brittle. Consistency measurement is used to determine the degree to which a material resists deformation by an applied force.

asm The treatment in a grease worker exposes the sample to high mechanical stress in a comparatively short time. Covers astk empirical estimation of the consistency of waxes derived from petroleum by measurement of the extent of penetration of a standard needle. ASTM D, IPDIN – Needle penetration of petroleum waxes Covers the empirical estimation of the consistency of waxes derived from petroleum by measurement of the extent of penetration of a standard needle.

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ASTM D – 97 Standard Test Method for Cone Penetration of Petrolatum

Honey, hand cream, toothpaste, sweet jelly, grease bitumen and candle wax: Sturdy cast iron base provides excellent support and has a built-in spirit level and leveling screws to insure proper alignment of the penetrometer during testing.

The value is obtained by calculation from needle penetration and the ring-and-ball softening point using a softening point tester. Due to its easy handling, the penetration method is employed in a wide scope of applications for food. What are your requirements. Covers determination of the changes in the consistency, as measurably cone penetration, of lubricating greases when worked in the roll stability test apparatus. A brief presentation of the globally used ASTM test is given below:.

Difference between fluid, semi-solid, and solid materials Fig. In case of central lubrication systems, the penetration is used for the observation of the pumpability of fluid grease.

ASTM D asfm Roll stability of lubricating grease Covers determination of the changes in the consistency, as measurably cone penetration, of lubricating greases when worked in the roll stability test apparatus. Email Us or call toll-free: Please fill in awtm form below to get a quote for the Koehler K Penetrometer:.

Definition of consistency Consistency describes the degree to which a semi-fluid or semi-solid material resists deformation by an applied force.

Pharmaceutical laboratory apparatus stability chambers, tablet disintegration, tablet dissolution, tablet hardness, V-blenders, A high difference of the values stands for low shear stability, which indicates a poor performance of the grease in practice.