R.P. Kangle is the author of The Kautiliya Arthasastra – Vol. 1,2&3 ( avg rating, 11 ratings, 0 reviews, published ), The Kautiliya Arthasastra. As per Kangle there are multiple Authors who added to the Arthashastra and it does reflect some influence of Manu Smriti as well which perhaps is a much later . Kautiliya Arthashatra, by R P Kangle (MLBD). R P Kangle’s three volume compilation, translation and commentary on Kautilya’s Arthashastra is.

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The neatness and tidiness was very much a part of Kangle’s way of life. Instead, he must find ways, including the use of the knagle service, to breed discord among them.

From then on, the work and its author were systematically studied and analyzed, and they became an important and often controversial subject of the Indological discourse.

On it is dependent the orderly maintenance of worldly life KA, I, 4, 3—4. The Arthashastra then posits its own theory that there are four necessary fields of knowledge, the Vedasthe Anvikshaki philosophy of ArthahsastraYoga and Lokayata[note 2] the science of government and the science of economics Varta of agriculture, cattle and trade. A weak and powerless state will disintegrate internally or, more likely, be conquered by a more powerful state. Femme fatale as a secret agent To undermine a ruling oligarchy, make chiefs of kanngle [enemy’s] ruling council infatuated with women possessed of great beauty and youth.

Situated within the circle of [the seven] constituent elements, he, the ruler, should, in this manner, with these six methods of foreign policy, seek to progress from arthashaztra to stable condition and from stable condition to advancement in his own undertakings KA, VII, wrthashastra, As late as in his mid eighties he coached his grand daughter in Mathematics at the Higher Secondary level, although he had nothing to do with the subject for long, long time.

Arthashastra – Wikipedia

From the age of three, he should learn to read and write as well as arithmetic. About aethashastra latter he says: Prabha, was in China for some time for training in acupuncture. Based on this axiomatic proposition, Kautilya puts forth the following maxim with respect to the way the ruler should use the rod: Topic 2 of the Arthashastra, or chapter 5 of Book 1, is dedicated to the continuous training and development of the king, where the text advises kabgle he maintain a counsel of elders, from each field of various sciences, whose accomplishments he knows and respects.


The latter attained the acceptance of the caste system by the negatively-privileged shudras through the religious doctrines of samsara and karman. Kautilya, in the Arthashastra, suggests that the state must always be adequately fortified, its armed forces prepared and resourced to defend itself against acts of war. In pursuing foreign policy aims, such losses should be avoided. The state has to become larger and mightier as well as more capable and efficient.

Arthashastra declares, in numerous occasions, the need for empowering the weak and poor in one’s kingdom, a sentiment that is not found in Machiavelli; Arthashastra, states Brians, advises “the king shall provide the orphans, the aged, the infirm, the afflicted, and the helpless with maintenance [welfare support].

From Book I of the Arthashastra we already know the intellectual and character qualities which Kautilya requires of the ideal-type ruler. Of singular importance is the ever-popular classic play Mudrarakshasa by Vishakhadatta, in which Kautilya is the protagonist cf. Ina few years after the newly discovered Arthashastra manuscript’s translation was first published, Max Weber stated:.

He must have responded to other publishers in similar fashion, for whatever the temptation, he would not compromise his integrity as a scholar. Dange – who was later to become one of the most eminent labour-leaders – was Kangle’s class-mate at school and a bright student like himself. He shall also provide subsistence to helpless women when they are carrying and also to the children they give birth to”. In the countryside, large forests are located, which are of great economic and military importance.

Towards the end of the 4th century BC, Chandragupta Maurya ca. When passion is roused in them, they should start quarrels by creating belief about their love in one and by going to another.

Such attitude applies also to most Indian scholars. Via guileful probes, argues Kautilya, not only the loyalty of senior state officials can be determined.

D Kautilya, India and global political theory: Kautilya considers the rural population as having a stronger physical and mental constitution than the urban population.

Selections in Translationed. Wounded honor and the resulting anger and resentment are a powerful motive for treason. Mumbai has a few well-stocked libraries, and they offered excellent opportunities for research. Scientific education presupposes that the student has thirst for knowledge and desire to learn and that he is open to logical thinking and criticism. For, in war there are losses, expenses, hindrances and absence from home [where in the meantime a coup might be staged] KA, VII, 2, 1.


Rather than enhancing comprehensiveness, repeated approaches to the same subject in different perspectives in successive segments of the text are a strain for the reader. The authorship and date of writing are unknown, and there is evidence that the surviving manuscripts are not original and have been modified in their history but were most likely completed in the available form between 2nd-century BCE to 3rd-century CE.

In contrast, the next category of secret agents — wandering ascetics — requires special intellectual and psychological skills. The Ismail Yusuf College is situated on the top a hillock.

The Kautiliya Arthasastra Part 1

Kangle’s intellectual interests are borne out by his published work, though only partially. The second task of the sattrin is espionage and covert operations in foreign countries.

In the happiness of the subjects lies the happiness of the king and in what is beneficial to the subjects is his own benefit. There was no parochial sentiment in this though, for that would have been against his grain. Kangle started his teaching career at the Gujarat College Ahmedabad, from where he moved after a few years to Elphinstone, a home-coming as it were. Except his own reference to the coup against the Nandas, we have no reliable biographical data on Kautilya.

Shamashastry found in Mysore, South India, were written down respectively in the 17th and the early 19th century. The ruler himself must hear what the concerns and needs of the people are.

Self-protection must always be first secured by the wise adviser; for the conduct of those serving rathashastra king has been described as if staying in a fire KA, V, 4, Some colleague, without a clue to the seriousness of the reading Professor Kangle was engaged in, would draw him into small talk, but he did not seem to mind the interruption, thanks to his politeness.

An affair postponed becomes difficult to settle or kanlge impossible to settle KA, I, 19, 6— 28 and The Arthashastra, in TopicBook 7 lists the causes of disaffection, lack of motivation and increase in economic distress among people.

In that, the Arthashastra exhibits a characteristic feature of Indian thought and its exposition.