Database Normalization: Explain 1NF, 2NF, 3NF, BCNF With Examples + PDF: The purpose of normalization is to make the life of users easier. Insertion, Updation and Deletion Anamolies are very frequent if database is not normalized. To understand these anomalies let us take an example of a Student . A relation is said to be in 2NF, if it is already in 1NF and each and every In the 3NF example,Stud_ID is super-key in Student_Detail relation.

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For better understanding, this will be displayed in a table form. Eduardo Edwards December 5, 9: Suppose there is a company wherein employees work 22nf more than one department.

What’s to stop me having “Mr Jones” in the first row, but then putting “Mr Bloggs” in the second row? Kristi Jackson December 5, This process is known as normalization.

Normalization is used for mainly two purposes, Eliminating reduntant useless data. Also, if we were to change the mobile number of Prof. An entity is said to be in the second normal form when it is already in 1NF and all the attributes contained within it are dependent solely on the unique identifier of the entity.

Marie Ramsey December 5, 9: SQL is not very hard, so if you will start dedicatedly, you can learn 1nff. The First normal form simply says that each cell of a table should contain exactly one value. Betty Bryant December 4, A table is said to be in fourth normal form if there is no two or more, independent and multivalued data describing the relevant entity. Example of data granularity is how a name field is subdivided if it is contained in a single field or subdivided into its constituents such as first name, middle name and last name.


The video below will give you a exmaple overview of Database Normalization.

What is Normalization? 1NF, 2NF, 3NF & BCNF with Examples

Recent Posts Complete Guide: Download our mobile app and study on-the-go. Normalization is a exampe design technique which organizes tables in a manner that reduces redundancy and dependency of data. The various forms of normalization are described below: What are transitive functional dependencies?

We can simply use the ID. Also note that this question is two years old, and already has a highly-upvoted answer that was marked as accepted by the OP. What is a Primary Key?

What is Normalization? Explain 1NF, 2NF, 3NF and BCNF giving examples.

2mf attribute B is functionally dependent on A, but is not on a proper subset of A. It brings ambiguity to the database and can generate anomalies.

For instance, the first superkey dxample has just 1 column. Suppose for a new admission, eexample and unless a student opts for a branch, data of the student cannot be inserted, or else we will have to set the branch information as NULL.

Then in star schema, you will only have the employee table and repeat the department data for each employee. Thus, the course name is dependent on its ID. A table that satisfies 4NF is hard to come by most of the business applications.


It is also unique across various rows. A is a superkey: Consider a toy shop that has three branches in three different locations.

For more detail, see wikipedia There are no transitive functional dependencies, and hence our table wiyh in 3NF In Table 3 Salutation ID is primary key, and in Table 1 Salutation ID is foreign to primary key in Table 3 Now our little example is at a level that cannot further be decomposed to attain examlle forms of normalization.

Here is what a sample database could look like:. In the Star schema, dimensions are denormalized. Whereas, the Data Warehouse is 3nff system which pulls data together from multiple sources within an organization for analysis and reporting. Does database normalization reduce the database size? Neither Zip is a superkey nor City is a prime attribute.

DBMS Normalization: 1NF, 2NF, 3NF and BCNF with Examples

Engineering in your pocket Download our mobile app and study on-the-go. Table 1 and Table2.

I shouldn’t be allowed to do that, because they’ve both got the ID of